Forests continue to
acquire increasing importance for their role in meeting the human material needs and also
for their ecological and environmental services. Therefore,
sustainable use of forest resources with strong conservation approaches is the key
elements for current forestry management practices.
The Forestry Sector in the State has been one of the main source of providing
livelihood and revenue, however, of late, the forest has been badly affected by several
factors namely, rapid increase in population, insufficient infrastructure, diversion of
forest area for developmental activities, inadequate public awareness about the forest
functions and its administrations, etc.
The major task in the state is to rehabilitate the degraded forests and enhance the
area under effective tree cover to 66 % of the total geographical area as envisaged in the
National Forest Policy, 1988. Though continuous efforts are being made in this direction,
the ever-increasing demand for forest products and limited fund availability have
constrained the achievement of the desired results. It has been recognized that a rational
and balanced combination of different forest functions; production, protection,
conservation and provision of environmental amenities are essential for sustainability of
the forests. Nagaland with a tropical and sub tropical climate receives an average
rainfall of about 1870 mm annually. This condition is conducive for luxuriant growth of
vegetation of wide species. Full advantage need to be taken and develop the resources to
the fullest extent for economic development of the State.
significantly to the economy and social well being of the people in the State. The
relevance of this sector is all the more pronounced in the State, which has a
predominantly agricultural based rural economy, in which 82% of the people are still
living in rural areas. An ambitious forestry programme is proposed for the 10th
Plan to be executed in close co-ordination with the people in the State.
Biological resources in Nagaland holds great promise in terms of potential for
providing material needs and environmental services.
It is proposed to take advantage of the rich
availability of medicinal plants in the State for economic development. Cultivation of
medicinal plants will not only provide employment to the rural youth but will also bring
in a chain of development activities through setting up of processing and value additional
and processing units of the products. Till now not
much work has been done on medicinal plants in the State. During the 10th Plan
the major activities on this aspects will be confined to inventorisation, standardization
of nursery techniques, and multiplication of planting stocks and popularization of few
selected species for cultivation on commercial scale.
Conservation, inventorisation, documentation and development of biodiversity in the
state will also receive added importance. During the 10th Plan
The infrastructures of the Department, both residential and non- residential are in
highly dilapidated condition. The forest resources are spread through out the State. The
presence of the staff in their place of posting is essential for discharge of the
protection and regulatory duties effectively. Considerable importance is given to
development of infrastructure during the 10th Plan.
Forest & Environment
Department along with the active participation and co-operation of the people has a broad
maintain environmental stability, ecological balance, conserve biodiversity and genetic resources of the states.
increase the forest cover in the state by encouraging involvement and participation of
people in protection, development of forests through various programs.
increase the productivity of the forest by application of appropriate practices and
technologies evolved after adequate silvicultural
research i.e Planting Stock Improvement Programme under which quality seedlings
obtained from seeds/ clones of superior trees can be used for taking up plantation.
protect, develop and manage the forest resources on sustainable basis and to utilize the
same to meet local domestic needs for forests products and to achieve economic growth,
create employment opportunities and promote industrial development.
5. Need- based strengthening of forest
organization with facilities, equipments, and personnel with emphasis on human resource
development to achieve the above objectives.
- To protect,
conserve and develop the wildlife resources of the state.
awareness among the public the hazards and consequences of environmental pollutions.
8. Tree Plantation through Jhum Cultivation