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Forests continue to acquire increasing importance for their role in meeting the human material needs and also for their     ecological and environmental services. Therefore, sustainable use of forest resources with strong conservation approaches is the key elements for current forestry management practices.

                           The Forestry Sector in the State has been one of the main source of providing livelihood and revenue, however, of late, the forest has been badly affected by several factors namely, rapid increase in population, insufficient infrastructure, diversion of forest area for developmental activities, inadequate public awareness about the forest functions and its administrations, etc.

            The major task in the state is to rehabilitate the degraded forests and enhance the area under effective tree cover to 66 % of the total geographical area as envisaged in the National Forest Policy, 1988. Though continuous efforts are being made in this direction, the ever-increasing demand for forest products and limited fund availability have constrained the achievement of the desired results. It has been recognized that a rational and balanced combination of different forest functions; production, protection, conservation and provision of environmental amenities are essential for sustainability of the forests. Nagaland with a tropical and sub tropical climate receives an average rainfall of about 1870 mm annually. This condition is conducive for luxuriant growth of vegetation of wide species. Full advantage need to be taken and develop the resources to the fullest extent for economic development of the State.

Forest contributes significantly to the economy and social well being of the people in the State. The relevance of this sector is all the more pronounced in the State, which has a predominantly agricultural based rural economy, in which 82% of the people are still living in rural areas. An ambitious forestry programme is proposed for the 10th Plan to be executed in close co-ordination with the people in the State.

               Biological resources in Nagaland holds great promise in terms of potential for providing material needs and environmental services.

 It is proposed to take advantage of the rich availability of medicinal plants in the State for economic development. Cultivation of medicinal plants will not only provide employment to the rural youth but will also bring in a chain of development activities through setting up of processing and value additional and processing units of the products. Till now not much work has been done on medicinal plants in the State. During the 10th Plan the major activities on this aspects will be confined to inventorisation, standardization of nursery techniques, and multiplication of planting stocks and popularization of few selected species for cultivation on commercial scale.

            Conservation, inventorisation, documentation and development of biodiversity in the state will also receive added importance. During the 10th Plan

            The infrastructures of the Department, both residential and non- residential are in highly dilapidated condition. The forest resources are spread through out the State. The presence of the staff in their place of posting is essential for discharge of the protection and regulatory duties effectively. Considerable importance is given to development of infrastructure during the 10th Plan.


Forest & Environment Department along with the active participation and co-operation of the people has a broad VISION

1. To maintain environmental stability, ecological balance, conserve  biodiversity and genetic resources of the states.

2. To increase the forest cover in the state by encouraging involvement and participation of people in protection, development of forests through various programs.

3. To increase the productivity of the forest by application of appropriate practices and technologies evolved after adequate silvicultural   research i.e Planting Stock Improvement Programme under which quality seedlings obtained from seeds/ clones of superior trees can be used for taking up plantation.

4. To protect, develop and manage the forest resources on sustainable basis and to utilize the same to meet local domestic needs for forests products and to achieve economic growth, create employment opportunities and promote industrial development.

5.   Need- based strengthening of forest organization with facilities, equipments, and personnel with emphasis on human resource development to achieve the above objectives.

  1. To protect, conserve and develop the wildlife resources of the state.
  2. Generate awareness among the public the hazards and consequences of environmental pollutions.

8.   Tree Plantation through Jhum Cultivation